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Thread: Reds Attendance - A History

  1. #1
    breath westofyou's Avatar
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    Reds Attendance - A History

    I wrote this a few weeks ago on Redleg Nation, but after last nights game it seems like it might be a good time to pull it out for here.

    Attendance: 17,172.
    Weather: 78 degrees, cloudy.


    Granted the Tampa Bay team is not the biggest draw, but as of last week the Reds were on pace to achieve 55% occupancy of all the seats for sale over the season. Last year they sold 54% and the year before 55%. I suppose the numbers to support an increased payroll hoped for a larger share of seats being sold, assuming no doubt that the pickups would generate wins instead of the current vitrol.

    I'm sure some are realizing that it could be very soon that Allen soon approaches "attendance" line when talking of the teams future.

    One of the great failings (IMO) of the Reds fan is that they tend to only see the history of the Reds as far back as the 60’s (or in some cases the 50’s) this in turn causes them to see things in a manner that becomes slightly askew and doesn’t even approach the “whole” history of the franchise, in the city and in the league.

    When the 1900’s began and the National League contracted the Reds resided in the 13th largest metropolitan area in the US. By the mid century Cincinnati was the smallest city in MLB and 18th largest market in the US. By 1990 the city had dropped to 45th largest city and has been passed by Columbus (16th) and Indianapolis (13th) two of the markets that the Reds had depended on as a fan base since trains were the preferred mode of travel.

    The cry of “small market” is a common theme throughout the Reds history and the numbers back up that claim. However another glaring fact the numbers reveal is that the Cincinnati fans don’t care to support a loser and that they only really rush the park when a winner is in the house.

    From 1900-1961 the National league had 8 teams, if the attendance pie was divided in 8ths each club would be expected to draw 12.5% of the leagues attendance. Using this as the base we can find that the Reds achieved 12.5% or better in attendance 20 times in the 61 season before the first expansion, 5 of these occurred prior to World War One, with the last year in that particular set occurring in 1912 when Crosley Field opened as Redland Field.

    The 1919 Reds won the NL and the World Series and drew 18.5% of the NL total attendance. The Reds of the 20’s were a great pitching club (imagine that!!) and from 1919 the Reds drew over 10.5% of the total attendance every year but 1921 (which was a losing year)
    Code:
    1919  1st     96   44  .686   +9    	Attendance 18.5% 	Of National Leagues total
    1920  3rd     82   71  .536   10.5 	Attendance 14.0% 	Of National Leagues total
    1921  6th     70   83  .458   24   	Attendance  7.8% 	Of National Leagues total
    1922  2nd     86   68  .558    7   	Attendance 12.5% 	Of National Leagues total
    1923  2nd     91   63  .591    4.5 	Attendance 14.1% 	Of National Leagues total
    1924  4th     83   70  .542   10   	Attendance 10.0% 	Of National Leagues total
    1925  3rd     80   73  .523   15   	Attendance 10.7% 	Of National Leagues total
    1926  2nd     87   67  .565    2   	Attendance 13.75% 	Of National Leagues total
    The ten years after 1926 were not kind to the Reds. There was poor play, no offense owner changes and a resulting bankruptcy followed by the embarrassment of the teams title being held in escrow by The Central Trust Company. There were also a lot of empty seats around the league, and most of them were in Philadelphia and Cincinnati

    Coupled with a nationwide depression that hit the fans pocketbooks the Reds suffered at the gate and on the field. Finally in 1935 the Reds found someone willing to make a change to redirect the aimless direction of the team on the field and at the gate. It was Larry McPhail who had the moxie to install lights (after lobbying MLB like a tobacco man from North Carolina lobbies Washington) to help get the fans to come to Crosley and in 1935 the first MLB night games were played.

    And come they did, the 1935 Reds drew over 240,000 more fans than 1934 team, and the money helped McPhail build the Reds a farm system, which at the time was a luxury most clubs had yet to buy into.

    The dividends began to finally pay off in 1938 when the Reds finally topped the previous attendance record set in 1926 and the following years of actually competing and winning titles brought the Reds their best four seasons in a row attendance wise
    Code:
    1938  4th     82   68  .547    6   	Attendance 15.50% 	Of National Leagues total
    1939  1st     97   57  .630   +4.5    	Attendance 20.85%	Of National Leagues total
    1940  1st    100   53  .654  +12     	Attendance 19.37%	Of National Leagues total
    1941  3rd     88   66  .571   12   	Attendance 13.47%	Of National Leagues total
    The war and the Cardinals and Dodgers took care of the Reds brief run in the sun and it wasn’t until the home run fueled season of 1956 did the Reds top the million mark.
    Code:
    1956  3rd     91   63  .591    2   	Attendance 13.00% 	Of National Leagues total
    1957  4th     80   74  .519   15   	Attendance 12.00% 	Of National Leagues total
    1958  4th     76   78  .494   16   	Attendance  7.70% 	Of National Leagues total
    1959  T5th    74   80  .481   13   	Attendance  8.00% 	Of National Leagues total
    1960  6th     67   87  .435   28   	Attendance  6.20% 	Of National Leagues total
    1961  1st     93   61  .604   +4      	Attendance 15.50% 	Of National Leagues total
    With expansion came a smaller piece of the pie to draw from no longer were the Reds expected to draw 12.5% of the fans in the National League, instead they only had to draw 10%. Despite having the top NL offense in Runs Created during the 60’s the Reds drew poorly, there were parking problems, neighborhood issues etc. Crosley’s usefulness was wearing thin in the spreading suburban world of post war heartland America. This was highlighted by the 1966 season when the Reds only drew 742,958, a scant 4.9% of the total attendance of the National League. It was about this time that Riverfront Stadium became a reality.

    The emergence of the new stadium in tandem with the emergence of the best Reds talent ever assembled created the Era that so many current Reds fans turn to for solace during these trying times.

    In 1969 the attendance pie was cut up even smaller falling from 10% to 8.33, it was also the Reds last year in cramped Crosley Field. In 1970 the Reds began and unprecedented run of success (for them) and began to play their games at Riverfront. Experiencing success at the gate and on the field wiped out the years of mediocrity on both levels and hypnotized the Reds fan base into thinking that that was the norm.

    If we were to break up the Reds 20th century history by decade we could find the Reds on top in wins during only one decade… the 70’s. In fact the Reds have spent a fair amount of their existence striving to compete with the Chicago’s and New York’s of the league 4 out of 11 times have the Reds been in the top 3 of Runs created by decade and only 4 times have they been above league average in ERA.

    Only 2 decades can claim possession of both. The 1970’s and the 1990’s. Click here to see lists by decade

    This is the seed for the Reds fans, grownups like me who knew Pete, Johnny and Joe and then thought that was the norm for the franchise and for the league.

    Well it’s not normal to have a .592 winning percentage for a whole decade and only seven NL teams can claim that they have achieved it.
    Code:
    	PCT
    Pirates		.636   	1900-1909
    Cardinals	.623	1940-1949
    Cubs    	.598   	1900-1909
    Giants  	.598  	1910-1919
    Braves          .595	1990-1999
    Dodgers         .592	1950-1959
    Reds    	.592  	1970-1979
    Some good teams there. The Pirates team benefited from the contraction of the NL in 1899 and picked up a good allotment of players from the defunct Louisville team. The Cubs and Giants were the Yankees of the day, generating more revenue due to attendance (Giants routinely drew 20-24% of the NL total attendance) and the Giants had the ability to buy their way out of lineup holes yearly, which they did with regularity.

    The Cardinals and the Dodgers were both directly built by Branch Rickey (though he wasn’t there to reap the rewards) and the Reds were built by a Rickey protégé. The Braves were built with a combination of disciplines, farm strength and buying power.

    With the domination on the field came domination at the gate.
    Code:
    1970  1st    102   60  .630  +14.5   	Attendance 10.80% 	Of National Leagues total
    1971  T4th    79   83  .488   11   	Attendance  8.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1972  1st     95   59  .617  +10.5   	Attendance 10.40% 	Of National Leagues total
    1973  1st     99   63  .611   +3.5   	Attendance 12.10% 	Of National Leagues total
    1974  2nd     98   64  .605    4   	Attendance 12.10% 	Of National Leagues total
    1975  1st    108   54  .667  +20     	Attendance 12.70% 	Of National Leagues total
    1976  1st    102   60  .630  +10     	Attendance 15.70% 	Of National Leagues total
    1977  2nd     88   74  .543   10   	Attendance 13.20% 	Of National Leagues total
    1978  2nd     92   69  .571    2.5 	Attendance 12.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1979  1st     90   71  .559   +1.5   	Attendance 11.10% 	Of National Leagues total
    1980  3rd     89   73  .549    3.5 	Attendance  9.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1981  2nd     35   21  .625    0.5 	Attendance  8.70% 	Of National Leagues total
    In the 24 seasons between the 1969 expansion and the 1993 expansion the Reds drew better than average in 17 seasons. That’s the foundation for the reality base that current Reds fans seem to operate under.

    The pie took bigger hit in 1993 (dropping from 8.33 to 6.6 until the Brewers enter and then it goes to 6.33) The Reds produced another decade with both positive runs created and a positive ERA.

    At the gate the pulled in a little above the average that was expected
    Code:
    1993  5th     73   89  .451   31   	Attendance  6.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1994  1st     65   48  .575   +0.5 	Attendance  7.30% 	Of National Leagues total
    1995  1st     85   59  .590   +9     	Attendance  7.30% 	Of National Leagues total
    1996  3rd     81   81  .500    7   	Attendance  6.10% 	Of National Leagues total
    1997  3rd     76   86  .469    8   	Attendance  5.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1998  4th     77   85  .475   25   	Attendance  4.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    1999  2nd     96   67  .589    1.5 	Attendance  5.30% 	Of National Leagues total
    2000  2nd     85   77  .525   10   	Attendance  6.40% 	Of National Leagues total
    2001  5th     66   96  .407   27   	Attendance  4.70% 	Of National Leagues total
    2002  3rd     78   84  .481   19   	Attendance  5.00% 	Of National Leagues total
    The GAB opened in 2003 with the promise to be not only a better place to see a game, but also a better place to make money.

    Despite two of the worst teams in recent Reds history (yes they were that bad) the Reds were still able to pull in some fans… just not as many as they thought they could.
    Code:
    2003  5th     69   93  .426   19   	Attendance  6.40% 	Of National Leagues total
    2004  4th     76   86  .469   29   	Attendance  5.60% 	Of National Leagues total
    Without a massive cable station, without huge brand sales the Reds will continue to depend on the fans to put the majority of the dollars they need in the coffers.

    From my vantage point this won’t happen unless they perform above .500. Simply put, most Reds fans find other things to do when the Reds don’t win. So next time you hear John Allen complain about the fans, be aware he’s right, it DOES matter, it does create revenue.

    However that alone doesn’t mean that that money they have been getting is being used in the correct manner.

    This current team is proof enough that the money is not being spent correctly.

    I expect the Cincinnati fans will let the Reds know this with their pocketbooks; leopards don’t change their spots very often.

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  3. #2
    Rally Onion! Chip R's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Y'know, Bill James was just a night watchman at a pork & beans factory before he found fame and fortune. Just sayin'.
    The Rally Onion wants 150 fans before Opening Day.

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  4. #3
    6 months of heartbreak Bob Borkowski's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Thanks for the input, woy. Well done.

    In spite of the quality of this presentation, I notice that the response is pretty slim and, to me, that is to be expected. I would guess that the topic of attendance is well down toward the bottom of most fans' lists of things to discuss here on the board.

    Personally, I find it an interesting item to throw into the mix as we consider the what it means to be a Reds fan.

    The 1962 season was one of my favorites because the Reds were trying to prove to the world that the 1961 pennant was not a fluke and they indeed deserved to be considered a team that belonged, that they deserved to be called a contender for the flag again. And they did well, finishing at 93-69...in third place but in contention all season and just missing out on the top prize.

    Anyway, as a young guy with time on his hands, I followed them day by day and it was a great season...they proved they belonged and then some! The names of Robinson, Pinson, Jay, Purkey, O'Toole and Brosnan come to mind. There were some exceptional confrontations with the Dodgers.

    Anyway, it wasn't just the team's on field performance that I followed. I recall that I also kept track of the Reds' attendance and hoped against hope that they could prove that they belonged on that level as well. I was pulling for them to reach the 'glorified' level of 1 million again as a home total. They drew 1,117,000 in '61.

    I figured that with 81 home dates (this was the first year of expansion by adding Houston & the Mets) that, on average, 12,346 butts would have to be in the seats to reach one million. After every home date, I would calculate the total attendance and divide by the number of home games played to come up with average attendance so far that season.

    But it was kind of a struggle to get people out to the park that year...maybe some of the Cincy faithful also wondered if the '61 team was a one-year wonder and didn't give the '62 team much credit. As it turned out, the 1962 attendance was 982,095 which was 4th best out of 10 teams. Not bad, I guess, but I thought the total should have been higher, all things considered.

    By the way, I notice that woy commented that the Reds fans historically support only winners. Maybe so, but isn't that par for the course in almost all cities? Witness Denver now compared to the early years; Atlanta of the last few years compared to the lean years; Cleveland's ups and downs depending on their location in the standings, etc. I'm always a little puzzled when I hear the Reds fans singled out as 'only supporting winners'. With a few exceptions, I think that is to be expected.

    I just checked and the Reds current attendance (including the game of June 17) is 880,999 which is a decrease of 19% from last year. And I have a feeling it will be all downhill from here.

    Thanks again, woy.

  5. #4
    Unsolicited Opinions traderumor's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Good stuff, WOY. Regardless of history, the Reds have got to find additional revenue streams and competent men and women to spend the money, with the latter likely coming first. Get out of the Good Ole Boys Network, including Reds' alumni, and bring in fresh talent with fresh ideas that do not have the luggage of "that's the way its always been done" dragging behind them.
    Can't win with 'em

    Can't win without 'em

  6. #5
    The Lineups stink. KronoRed's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Thanks WOY..always a good read.

    Seems fans around here don't seem to change much, wish the Reds would have noticed this by now
    Go Gators!

  7. #6
    breath westofyou's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Personally, I find it an interesting item to throw into the mix as we consider the what it means to be a Reds fan.

    By the way, I notice that woy commented that the Reds fans historically support only winners. Maybe so, but isn't that par for the course in almost all cities? Witness Denver now compared to the early years; Atlanta of the last few years compared to the lean years; Cleveland's ups and downs depending on their location in the standings, etc. I'm always a little puzzled when I hear the Reds fans singled out as 'only supporting winners'. With a few exceptions, I think that is to be expected.
    Very true Bob, the general argument is that the Front Office cries too much about attendance and that the Reds fans are the most loyal aout there as far as attending games.

    Alot of my data comes from the Congressional hearings on baseball in 1952.. that's where I get the old data for attendance, the Reds were usualy 6th in an 8 team league, bottomed out by the Phillies and Boston, both poor cousins in a 2 team town.

    Remember though that until the 50's the NL and Al had 6 and 5 teams that shared cities so Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Washington and Detroit all were competing against nobody but themselves. Detroit has always drawn well and until the late 50's Cleveland drew well too (56 was their first post war year under 1 million, which just so happens became the year the Reds first hit 1 million)

    I agree that the midwest towns (except St. Louis and Chicago Cubs)experience the ups and downs of attendance along with wins.

    I just see it as more extreme in Cincinnati

  8. #7
    Rally Onion! Chip R's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    I just fininshed reading the aforementioned Jim Brosnan's diary of the 1961 season Pennant Race and he made some allusions to attendance in there as well. This entry is about a game played around the end of April or the 1st of May.

    "On this cold Monday night with Philadelphia in town and the game being televised locally, nobody expected a crowd. (The Phils were a last place team that season) Gene Mauch, the Phillies' manager, claimed he had a young, exciting ball club but only two thousand people cared enough to come see them."

    Here's another passage from, I'm guessing, Monday May 22nd and the Dodgers were the opponent.

    "The crowd couldn't have numbered 4,500 and they were as quiet as our bats."

    This is from June 20:

    "With the Cardinals and Stan Musial in town, and a first place club with a five game winning streak to attract them, 32,000 fans packed Crosley Field."

    A couple of days later with the Dodgers as the opponents again:

    "The message chalked on the scoreboard at the clubhouse entrance read: 'We are sold out tonight and Sunday....'"

    Tuesday, July 4 against the defending World Champs Pittsburgh:

    "'Lousy fans. Where are they?' asked Zimmerman. 'Here we are leading the league!'

    'It's a beautiful, sunny, holiday day. Would you go to a ball game?' I asked. 'Besides, the game's televised. They're probably all at picnics.'

    'Where?' he asked.

    'In the parking lot, stupid!'"

    From later in the month with San Francisco in town:

    "A brief but violent thunderstorm presented the Cincinnati front office with a chance to cancel the July 21 game. A sellout crowd was advised at six o'clock that there would be no game. At eight o'clock the skies cleared, the moon shone, and the Giants screamed."

    August 3 with Philly in town again:

    "The only thing that could have interrupted me was a blonde asking me to autograph a copy of my book (The Long Season). Most book readers have less pleasing smiles.

    'That's all right, Broz,' said Jones. 'You go first class, man!'

    'But, Road, I don't even know her!' I protested.

    'Cool it. Thirty thousand people seen it.'"

    August 20 with St. Louis in town:

    "The Cardinals scored runs in the first, fourth, and fifth innings, while O'Toole griped about his support, the batters (complained) about Plate Umpire Venzon's decisions, and 27,000 fans drank beer. Three-two beer. Nauseating."

    Last home game of the regular season with the Giants in town:

    "For our final regularly scheduled game of the season at Crosley Field September 24, the S.R.O. sign was hung up early in the day."

    1961 wasn't any different than any other season after that when the Reds weren't expected to do well and over the course of the summer people found out they had a good team. You are going to have to give fans here a damn good reason to come out in April and May if the team is just mediocre. The weather isn't always good and kids are still in school. There seems to be some parallels between 1961 and 1999. I think the Reds started off better in 1961 and were more consistent. Nevertheless both teams played their way into the hearts of Reds fans and gave them summers to remember.
    The Rally Onion wants 150 fans before Opening Day.

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  9. #8
    breath westofyou's Avatar
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    Re: Reds Attendance - A History

    Attendance: 11802 for that 7-11-61 game and 3100 for the 5-22 LA Game.

    Retrosheet has the whole 1961 season boxscored.


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