Sports biomechanics is the science concerned with the internal and external forces acting on a human body and the effects produced by these forces in sports activities.
These internal and external forces determine how the parts of a body or the body as a whole move during the performance of motor skill, what is commonly referred to as the performerís technique.
This can be originally and basically underlaid under the three Newtonís Laws.
Since the subject of sports biomechanics is the human body, its movement organs, which are characterised by the biological conditions, must be considered. In this way sports biomechanics is applied mechanics interrelated
with anatomy, physiology, psychology medicine, biochemistry and sports
The scientific study of sports biomechanics includes:
1) The study of the mechanical structure and ability of various organs and systems in an athleteís body in relation to special sports events;
2) the identification of the principles of sports movements, build-up of optimal
models of individual sports performance and development of effective training methods;
3) the mechanically reasonable design of sports equipments and instruments;
4) analysis of the mechanisms of sports injuries and education of people on the ways to prevent these injuries from a biomechanics perspective;
5) study of the anthropometric features of special sports events together with training practice;
6) development of biomechanical methodology, especially the quick information feedback method.